iOS

HowTo: Design for depth


Creating a start screen with parallax animations using iOS motion effects:

One highly noticed innovation in iOS 7 was the parallax effect on the home screen. When you tilt your device this gives you the impression of depth. Luckily it is incredible easy to implement this behaviour with the iOS 7 motion effects.
 
First you need a background which is larger than the screen and some foreground elements like Buttons, Labels, …:
 
iOS Motion Effects
 
 
When the device is tilted, the background image must move in the opposite direction. In the example below down – the foreground elements have to move up. To enhance the impression of depth, it is also important that the movement of the background image is larger than the movement of the foreground elements like the buttons:

 
iOS Motion Effects

Now let’s code

First of all create a new Single View Xcode project.
 
iOS Motion Effects

Choose Universal to target iPhone and iPad:

iOS Motion Effects

Limit supported orientations to landscape:

iOS Motion Effects

Create a new ViewController and name it ‚StartScreenViewController‘.

iOS Motion Effects
iOS Motion Effects
 
After that delete the generic ViewController which was created automatically by XCode:
iOS Motion Effects
 
 
 
Open the iPhone Storyboard, change type of the ViewController to our new created StartScreenViewController and select landscape orientation:
 
iOS Motion Effects
iOS Motion Effects
 
Because we are building a game, which runs only in landscape mode, we can switch off Auto Layout.
 
iOS Motion Effects
 
Now, let’s create the Start Screen. Add an UIImageView with a background image, a Label and 4 Buttons to the screen. I’ve chosen white as background color and an opacity of 0.9. After that, the screen should look like this:
 
iOS Motion Effects
iOS Motion Effects
iOS Motion Effects
 
Now let’s create the corresponding outlets to get access to the UIElements from inside of our ViewController. (Use CTRL & Drag and the Split Screen View from XCode to connect the elements).
 
iOS Motion Effects

 

For the foreground elements choose an Outlet Collection of type UIView:

 
iOS Motion Effects
 
 
iOS Motion Effects
 
 
Now, everything is prepared to add the parallax effect. Therefore we’ll create two functions which will handle the device motion and the movement of our UI elements to the StartScreenViewController class:
 
-(void)assignBackgroundParallaxBehavior:(UIView*) view {
    CGRect frameRect = view.frame;
 
    // increase size of screen for 20%
    frameRect.size.width = view.frame.size.width * 1.2;
    frameRect.size.height = view.frame.size.height * 1.2;
 
    // Set origin to the center of the resized frame
    frameRect.origin.x=(view.frame.size.width-frameRect.size.width)/2;
    frameRect.origin.y=(view.frame.size.height-frameRect.size.height)/2;
    view.frame = frameRect;
 
    // Create horizontal motion effect
    UIInterpolatingMotionEffect *horizontalMotionEffect = [[UIInterpolatingMotionEffect alloc] initWithKeyPath:@“center.x“ type:UIInterpolatingMotionEffectTypeTiltAlongHorizontalAxis];
 
    // Limit movement of the motion effect
    horizontalMotionEffect.minimumRelativeValue = @(frameRect.origin.x);
    horizontalMotionEffect.maximumRelativeValue = @(-frameRect.origin.x);
 
    // Assign horizontal motion effect to view
    [view addMotionEffect:horizontalMotionEffect];
 
    // Create vertical motion effect
    UIInterpolatingMotionEffect *verticalMotionEffect = [[UIInterpolatingMotionEffect alloc] initWithKeyPath:@“center.y“ type:UIInterpolatingMotionEffectTypeTiltAlongVerticalAxis];
 
    // Limit movement of the motion effect
    verticalMotionEffect.minimumRelativeValue = @(frameRect.origin.y);
    verticalMotionEffect.maximumRelativeValue = @(-frameRect.origin.y);
 
    // Assign vertical motion effect to view
    [view addMotionEffect:verticalMotionEffect];
 
}
 
-(void)assignForegroundParallaxBehavior:(NSArray*) view {
    int iMotionEffectSteps=20;
 
    // Create horizontal motion effect
    UIInterpolatingMotionEffect *horizontalMotionEffect = [[UIInterpolatingMotionEffect alloc] initWithKeyPath:@“center.x“ type:UIInterpolatingMotionEffectTypeTiltAlongHorizontalAxis];
    horizontalMotionEffect.minimumRelativeValue = @(iMotionEffectSteps);
    horizontalMotionEffect.maximumRelativeValue = @(-iMotionEffectSteps);
 
    // Create vertical motion effect
    UIInterpolatingMotionEffect *verticalMotionEffect = [[UIInterpolatingMotionEffect alloc] initWithKeyPath:@“center.y“ type:UIInterpolatingMotionEffectTypeTiltAlongVerticalAxis];
    verticalMotionEffect.minimumRelativeValue = @(iMotionEffectSteps);
    verticalMotionEffect.maximumRelativeValue = @(-iMotionEffectSteps);
 
    // Assign motion effects to every view of the outlet collection
    for (int i=0; i<view.count; i++) {
        [view[i] addMotionEffect:horizontalMotionEffect];
        [view[i] addMotionEffect:verticalMotionEffect];
    }
 
}
 
 
Call these methods at the end off the ‚viewDidLoad‘ function:
 
– (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];
// Do any additional setup after loading the view.
 
    [self assignBackgroundParallaxBehavior:self.backgroundView];
    [self assignForegroundParallaxBehavior:self.foregroundViews];
 
 
}

Test it on a device ….  Nice!

Do the same for iPad

 

That’s all for today.

Cheers,
Stefan

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