iOS

HowTo: Add View Controllers to the game storyboard and use segues to navigate between them


Welcome to Part 2 of my blog series about game development: View Controller

 
Today I’m creating the basic game infrastructure, not the game itself. If you haven’t completed part 1, you can download the project from GitHub (version v0.1).
 
 

Basic screens needed for the game:

 
 
 
  • Start Screen: Main menue
  • About Screen: Information about the developer of the game, website, …
  • Settings Screen: Choose settings like Sound on/off, …
  • Play Screen: The Game
  • AddHighScoreScreen: Add a new highscore entry
  • Highscore: List of the highscores

 

 
 

Reusing the code for the parallax effect

Before we create the corresponding view controllers take a step back and think about the two functions we’ve added to our StartScreenViewController to perform the parallax effect in part 1 of this blog series:
 

-(void)assignBackgroundParallaxBehavior:(UIView*) view

 
-(void)assignForegroundParallaxBehavior:(NSArray*) view
 
To avoid code duplication I’ll create a new helper class: UITools 
 
 
 
Add the declarationof the functions to UITools.m:
 
#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
 
@interface UITools : NSObject
 
+(void)assignBackgroundParallaxBehavior:(UIView*) view;
+(void)assignForegroundParallaxBehavior:(NSArray*) view;
 
 
@end
 
I’ve declared the methods as static class methods (‚+‘ instead of a ‚-‚). That means they can be called directly without creating an instance of UITools.
 
After that copy the two functions from StartScreenViewController.m  to UITools.m. Don’t forget to change ‚-‚ to ‚+‘.
 
We also need to import the new tools class in StartScreenViewController.m:
 
#import „UITools.h“
 
and change
 
[self assignBackgroundParallaxBehavior:self.backgroundView];
 
[self assignForegroundParallaxBehavior:self.foregroundViews];
 
to     
 
[UITools assignBackgroundParallaxBehavior:self.backgroundView];
[UITools assignForegroundParallaxBehavior:self.foregroundViews];
 

Create the View Controllers

No let’s create 5 new ViewControllers:

  • AboutViewController
  • SettingsScoreViewController
  • AddHighScoreViewController
  • HighScoreViewController
  • GameViewController

I’ll organize all ViewControllers in a group (File -> New -> Group)

 

Repeat the following steps for each View Controller:

 

1. Add properties to header files:

 
@property (weak, nonatomic) IBOutlet UIImageView *backgroundView;
@property (strong, nonatomic) IBOutletCollection(UIView) NSArray *foregroundViews;
 
 

2. Import helper class:

#import „UITools.h“  

3. Assign parallax behavior in ViewDidLoad

 

– (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];
// Do any additional setup after loading the view.
 
    [UITools assignBackgroundParallaxBehavior:self.backgroundView];
    [UITools assignForegroundParallaxBehavior:self.foregroundViews];
 

 

}
 

4. Open  the iPhone Storyboard and add a new ViewController

 

 

 5. Change orientation to landscape and statusbar to none

 

 6. Change class to one of the just created ViewControllers

 

 7. Add Background image, header label and buttons. Connect them with the outlets from the corresponding ViewController:

 

@property (weaknonatomicIBOutlet UIImageView *backgroundView;
@property (strongnonatomicIBOutletCollection(UIViewNSArray *foregroundViews;

Detailed steps are described in part 1. The result should look like this:

To ensure a correct sizing and alignment on the different iPhone screens (4 inch and 3.5 inch) set the autosizing options for all Buttons and Labels like this:

 

8. Create Segues to navigate between the view controllers:

8a: Mark About button on the StartScreenViewController.
 
8b: CTRL + Mouse click -> move mouse pointer into AboutViewController -> release

 

8c: Choose modal from the pop up menu

8d: Repeat 8a, 8b, 8c for all transitions between our view controllers, as described in the table at the beginning of this post.
 
 
The result should look like this:
 
 

The transition type can be changed in the menu at the right (the segue must be selected)

 

 

 
 

 

Repeat step 4 till 8 for iPad.

That’s all for today Cheers, Stefan

Download the project from GitHub: v0.2.1

 
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